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Wind and Structures   Volume 26, Number 6, June 2018, pages 397-413
Across-wind excitation mechanism for interference of twin tall buildings in tandem arrangement
G.B. Zu and K.M. Lam

Abstract     [Full Text]
    Excitation mechanism of interference effect between two tall buildings is investigated with wind tunnel experiments. Synchronized building surface pressure and flow field measurements by particle image velocimetry (PIV) are conducted to explore the relationship between the disturbed wind flow field and the consequent wind load modification for twin buildings in tandem. This reveals evident excitation mechanisms for the fluctuating across-wind loads on the buildings. For small distance (X/D < 3) between two buildings, the disturbed flow pattern of impaired vortex shedding is observed and the fluctuating across-wind load on the downstream building decreases. For larger distance (X/D> 3), strong correlation between the across-wind load of the downstream building and the oscillation of the wake of the upstream building is found. By further analysis with conditional sampling and phase-averaged techniques, the coherent flow structures in the building gap are clearly observed and the wake oscillation of the upstream building is confirmed to be the reason of the magnified across-wind force on the downstream building. For efficient PIV measurement, the experiments use a square-section high-rise building model with geometry scale smaller than the usual value. Interference factors for all three components of wind loads on the building models being surrounded by another identical building with various configurations are measured and compared with those from previous studies made at large geometry scale. The results support that for interference effect between buildings with sharp corners, the length scale effect plays a minor role provided that the minimum Reynolds number requirement is met.
Key Words
    high-rise buildings; wind loads; interference effect; Reynolds number; PIV
G.B. Zu: Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
K.M. Lam: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology,Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong

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