Techno Press
Techno Press

Smart Structures and Systems   Volume 12, Number 3, September-October 2013, pages 327-344
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/sss.2013.12.3_4.327
 
Theoretical and experimental study on damage detection for beam string structure
Haoxiang He, Weiming Yan and Ailin Zhang

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
    Beam string structure (BSS) is introduced as a new type of hybrid prestressed string structures. The composition and mechanics features of BSS are discussed. The main principles of wavelet packet transform (WPT), principal component analysis (PCA) and support vector machine (SVM) have been reviewed. WPT is applied to the structural response signals, and feature vectors are obtained by feature extraction and PCA. The feature vectors are used for training and classification as the inputs of the support vector machine. The method is used to a single one-way arched beam string structure for damage detection. The cable prestress loss and web members damage experiment for a beam string structure is carried through. Different prestressing forces are applied on the cable to simulate cable prestress loss, the prestressing forces are calculated by the frequencies which are solved by Fourier transform or wavelet transform under impulse excitation. Test results verify this method is accurate and convenient. The damage cases of web members on the beam are tested to validate the efficiency of the method presented in this study. Wavelet packet decomposition is applied to the structural response signals under ambient vibration, feature vectors are obtained by feature extraction method. The feature vectors are used for training and classification as the inputs of the support vector machine. The structural damage position and degree can be identified and classified, and the test result is highly accurate especially combined with principle component analysis.
 
Key Words
    beam string structure; damage detection; wavelet packet decomposition; support vector machine; principle component analysis
 
Address
Haoxiang He, Weiming Yan and Ailin Zhang : Beijing Laboratory of Earthquake Engineering and Structural Retrofit, Beijing University of Technology, China
 

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