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Structural Engineering and Mechanics   Volume 58, Number 5, June10 2016, pages 931-947
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/sem.2016.58.5.931
 
Nanotechnology, smartness and orthotropic nonhomogeneous elastic medium effects on buckling of piezoelectric pipes
Farhad Mosharrafian and Reza Kolahchi

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
    The effects of nanotechnology and smartness on the buckling reduction of pipes are the main contributions of present work. For this ends, the pipe is simulated with classical piezoelectric polymeric cylindrical shell reinforced by armchair double walled boron nitride nanotubes (DWBNNTs), The structure is subjected to combined electro-thermo-mechanical loads. The surrounding elastic foundation is modeled with a novel model namely as orthotropic nonhomogeneous Pasternak medium. Using representative volume element (RVE) based on micromechanical modeling, mechanical, electrical and thermal characteristics of the equivalent composite are determined. Employing nonlinear strains-displacements and stress-strain relations as well as the charge equation for coupling of electrical and mechanical fields, the governing equations are derived based on Hamilton\'s principal. Based on differential quadrature method (DQM), the buckling load of pipe is calculated. The influences of electrical and thermal loads, geometrical parameters of shell, elastic foundation, orientation angle and volume percent of DWBNNTs in polymer are investigated on the buckling of pipe. Results showed that the generated O improved sensor and actuator applications in several process industries, because it increases the stability of structure. Furthermore, using nanotechnology in reinforcing the pipe, the buckling load of structure increases.
 
Key Words
    nanotechnology; smartness; pipe; piezoelectric; orthotropic nonhomogeneous Pasternak medium
 
Address
Farhad Mosharrafian and Reza Kolahchi: Department of Civil Engineering, Khomein Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomein, Iran
 

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